Asaduzzaman Khan Kamal, Home Minister of Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh paid a 2-day visit to Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) with a great pomp on 16 and 17 October 2019. During his visit, he delivered speech at least in two gatherings including several press briefings in Ramgarh of Khagrachari hill district and in Rangamati hill district town along with a retinue of high-level officers of law & order and security forces, local public representatives and civil society members. Meetings organized by the Home Ministry under the banner titled: ‘Special Meeting Relating to Law & Order in Three Hill Districts,’ the Home Minister spoke against killings, conflicts, terrorism, abduction and extortion; and he pronounced direct threatening of drastic measures against the terrorists. With an assertion, he also said that peace will be restored in CHT at any cost. He has covertly warned by saying that formidable days are coming to those who are engaged in extortion and bloodshed in the hills.
Echoing the same tune, the GOC of 24 Infantry Division, Director General of RAB, Inspector General of Police and Home Secretary also, while raising allegations of terror, conflict and extortion, delivered one-sided speech blended with provocation and threatening of dire consequences. The threatening uttered in their deliberations of speech, among other frightening words, include: ‘…the terrorists will be dug out from their hideouts even be it lying under 3 feet deep in the earth. The cases with Dhaka wherein dwell more than 20 million people and in addition, despite regular in and out going of one crore commoners, the terrorists are easily busted, as such, for the case with CHT populated of some 1.6 million, searching out the terrorists cannot be a matter of impossibility….’ As a result of such one-sided allegations and threatening, there has arisen panic and anxiety in the psyche of mass people in CHT at large. Amid continued arbitrary arrest, killing in so-called crossfire, searching houses in the wee hours and rampaging household articles and regardless physical torture, the threat of ‘formidable days ahead’ has made the people extremely panic-ridden and insecure.
It is to be noted that this sort of meetings relating to law & order, indeed, are being held directly violating the implementation process of the CHT Accord. According to the CHT Regional Council Act 1998 framed as per the CHT Accord, the ‘general administration’ and ‘law & order’ subjects falls under jurisdiction of the CHT Regional Council (CHTRC) for supervision and coordination; and as per the three Hill District Council Act 1989 (Amended in 1998), the subjects of preservation of ‘law & order’ and ‘police (local)’ are within perimeter of functions of the Hill District Councils (HDCs). But meetings of this kind are usually held unilaterally by the Home Ministry of Homes and CHT Affairs Ministry without having consultation with the CHTRC and HDCs. The Chairman of the CHTRC and the Chairmen of the three HDCs, however, have been invited to the aforesaid meetings only. The CHTRC and HDCs have not been consulted in any form about planning and methodology of organizing the said meetings. Hence, it can safely be said that these law & order related meetings have been held violating the CHT Accord and the laws existing in CHT.
On the other hand, with provocation and threatening of dire consequences, speeches of one-sided, fabricated and of conspiring have been made on ‘law & order’ situation in CHT while evading the actuality wherein lay deep backdrop and conspiracy. It is the fact that the situation in CHT has been getting worsened day by day keeping pace with escalation of the killings, conflicts, terrorism, extortion and kidnappings by the quarter of vested interest and stooges under direct support and collaboration of the state machineries amid continuous dilly-dallying tactics and indifferent attitude on part of the government in proper and fullest implementation the CHT Accord that was signed to resolve the CHT crisis politically and peacefully.
It is as bright as the day that the government has been persuading one after another conspiracy to achieve its mean objectives to turn the CHT Accord into a null & void issue, to ruin the leadership of PCJSS, one of the signatories of CHT Accord, and, above all, to realize ethnic cleansing of the Jumma people. It is to be noted that immediately after signing of the Accord, the government, security forces, state machineries and the ruling parties have been providing support to the anti-Accord UPDF element; facilitating the self-styled Reformist collaborator clique with sponsorship, shelters and indulgence; and patronization of the foreign armed group named Arakan Liberation Party (ALP) through which series of conspiracy involving anti-Accord activities and designs of anti-interest of the Jumma people etc. have been persuading in CHT. It is due to the conspiring genre of this category on government part, the undesirable incidents like killings, blood shedding, terrorism, extortion and kidnapping continue to exist as daily usual matters. Hence, it is needless to say that the Home Minister has resorted to Goebbels’ policy by raising allegations of killing, terrorism and extortion obviously to direct the course of deteriorating situation CHT towards different direction.
It is to be noted that at the very outset, the Home Minister inaugurated the newly-built Ramgarh Police Station building of Ramgarh upazila under Khagrachari hill district in the morning on 16 October 2019 and at noon, he delivered speech at a gathering organized by Khagrachari district police on terror, drug and anti-terrorism held at the Ramgarh High School ground. He then moved to Rangamati town on that day and he attended the Special Meeting on law & order situation from 6:00 pm to 10:00 pm held at Rangamati Deputy Commissioner’s conference hall. The next day, on 17 October 2019, he attended the meeting on the same theme organized by the Ministry of CHT Affairs at the Rangamati Cultural Institute Auditorium. In all these meetings attended along with the Home Ministers were: Bir Bahadur Ushwe Shing, Minister of CHT Affairs; Kujendra Lal Tripura, MP and Chairman of Task Force on Rehabilitation of India-Returnee Refugee and Internally Displaced Families; Dipankar Talukder, MP of Rangamati Constituency; Basanti Chakma, MP of reserved seat for women; Benazir Ahammed, Director General of Rapid Action Battalion (RAB); Mohammed Safinul Islam, Director General of Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB); Major General SM Motiur Rahaman, GOC, 24 Infantry Division; Mohammed Zabed Patoary, Inspector General of Police; Mostafa Kamal Uddin, Secretary, Security Department of Ministry of Home Affairs; Misbahul Islam, Secretary of Ministry of CHT Affairs (MoCHTA); Sudatta Chakma, Additional Secretary of MoCHTA and various government and non-government officials. Besides, it was learnt that local public representatives, traditional leaders and some of the civil society personalities were also present in the meeting.
While addressing the meeting, the Home Minister categorically told the public representatives, civil society members and media people: “Bloodshed has broken out all of a sudden in all the three hill districts. The situation in CHT has taken unrest mood in the three hill districts due to regardless killings and extortion taking place over the last few days. At this, there prevails a formidable situation. An effort has been undertaken to stop the dreadful situation. We will bring back peace and law & order at any cost.”
Besides, Home Minister also said: “The points from where the army camps withdrawn, have been replaced with police and BGB camps and will be enhanced more, in need.” Further he said: “We will purchase helicopters for BGB and police forces. In all places, we will arrange roads and helicopters so that peace comes back in those places again.”
It is needless to say that if the ongoing various conflicts and violent incidents are viewed independently and one-sidedly and outwardly, if those are viewed in context of the law & order situation of the country, the statement made by Home Minister may generally seem to be of anti-terrorism. On the other hand, despite having knowledge of everything, as the statement does not contain clear explanation as to who are the people involved in the terrorism, it also gives birth to confusion. But ironically, it is well-known to all concerned that though some local vested section of the ruling party and army have been making statements against terror and extortion, in reality, it is they who have been nurturing with indulgence and providing support and shelter to the terrorists. Indeed, with a view to creating obstructions in implementing the CHT Accord, this very quarter of vested interest, in one end, as they are engaged in various anti-Accord conspiracies, so are they involved in the creation of hired stooges sometimes namely, Democratic UPDF or Reformist Group engaging them on anti-Accord plea following divide and rule policy aimed at bringing in extinction of Jumma national entity and entity of their land of birth, on the other end.
This anti-Accord quarter of vested interest constituted of ruling party people and army personnel, with a mean objective of damaging the Accord implementation process or movement for implementation of the Accord, having entangled the leaders and workers of Santu Larma-led PCJSS in fabricated cases, is putting them in the jail as terrorists or compelling them to flee from their areas or labeling the arrestees as terrorists and after cold-blooded killing them making public their death to have occurred in the crossfire. Alongside, with the hired armed stooges, killing and kidnapping the PCJSS workers and supporters have been let continue to take place. It is to be noted here that as some small section had created an anti-Accord element named UPDF, the ruling party began to nurture the group and provide them with shelter, support and indulgence. On the other side, the same anti-Accord quarter unleashed the Muslim settlers’ organizations namely, Somo Odhikar Andolon, Bangali Gono Parishad and Bangali Chhatra Parishad to conduct communal attacks upon the Jumma dwellings one after another.
To say honestly, even though having the CHT Accord signed but it is due to not having the Accord implemented by the government with heartily, sincerity and in time, the situation of CHT has now turned into a complex one. Consequently, those who are the creators of terrorists, even they, too, are now striving to hide the real terrorists by talking about the terrorism. On the other side, while showing the CHT crisis as to be of terrorism, are engaged in an ill-effort to slip the CHT under carpet and strengthen the military rule further while giving a legal shape. It is really a matter of regret that today, it the same patrons and collaborators of the terrorists, extortionists and arms-holders, are highly vocal in declaring war against terrorism, extortion and arms racing out there in the field!
The Home Minster has covertly threatened to deploy BGB, police and RAB in those points from where the army camps had been withdrawn and to face formidable days to those who are engaged in extortion and bloodshed in the hills. As we know, it is seen in the history, those who are dictators and fascists, always term the just movement for the rights to be terrorist activities to confuse the public opinion and opt for ill-effort to give legal shape to their suppression and oppression. We need not to go far off place to find out an illustration. It is just a few decades back, General Zia and General Ershad, like the Home Minister, had threatened the Jumma people showing the fear of ‘formidable days.’ But the just movement of the Jumma people could not be nulled. Consequently, spelling abject failure in solving out the crisis through military means, as part of continuity of formal dialogue with the government of General Ershad and Khaleda Zia, the then Sheikh Hasina government had to come forward to sign the CHT Accord in 1997 to resolve the crisis politically and peacefully at national level.
It is fact that since independence, the Jumma people of CHT have been and as of today, are under military rule and fascist suppression and oppression. The Jumma people are passing the ‘formidable days’ for almost five decades. The Home Minister should keep in memory that a political crisis cannot be solved through military suppression and oppression. Bangladesh is the best illustration of the kind.
The Home Minister, through his opinion stating the presence of a Magistrate during conversation between the CHT regional parties and diplomates to be obligatory, clearly manifested mentality of extreme communalism and hatred of the Jumma people the attitude of which can never be desirable from a personality like his status. It is needless to say that the aggressive, unilateral and threatening statement delivered by the GOC of 24th Infantry Division, Director General of RAB and Inspector General of Police during the visit to Khagrachari and Rangamati is ostensibly a part of the conspiracy hatched by the government and ruling class.
In his deliverance, the Home Minister further mentioned: “According to the CHT Accord, still we honor the Accord. We want, following the Accord, we will bring in peace in this region.” But though he referred to the Accord, he did not come up with mention-worthy direction or statement on implementation of CHT Accord. If the government really wants to follow the Accord, then the following issues are needed to be addressed:
the Jumma (tribal)-dominating feature of the region has to be preserved and legislative and administrative measures to that regard have to be undertaken;
the power and functions of general administration, law & order, police, land & land management, forest & environment, communication, secondary education, tourism, development etc. have to be devolved to the CHT Regional Council (CHTRC) and the three Hill District Councils (HDCs);
having the Election Rules and Electoral Rules formulated and Electoral Roll prepared with the permanent residents of CHT, elections of CHTRC and HDCs have to be held;
all the temporary camps including de facto military rule ‘Operation Uttoron (Operation Upliftment) have to be withdrawn;
having the Rules of the Land Commission framed and allocating adequate fund and human resource to the Land Commission and establishing sub-office of the Commission in Rangamati and Khagrachari districts ensure, the forcibly dispossessed lands of the Jumma people have to be returned to the actual owners;
the India-returnee Jumma refugees and internally displaced Jumma refugees have to be rehabilitated properly after having their lands and homesteads returned to them;
the permanent residents of CHT with preference to the Jumma people have to be appointed in all government and non-government services in CHT;
the CHT Development Board has to be brought under overall supervision of CHTRC in the interest of pro-people and eco-friendly development approach and build a self-determined development process by letting the Jumma people determined their own development;
amendment to all the laws and regulations applicable in CHT have to be made as to make them in consonance with the Accord; and
the Muslim settlers have to be rehabilitated outside CHT with dignity and honor by dismantling their cluster villages and by stopping supply of ration to them.
Doing so, it is only then the situation of CHT will start to improve within a second, by itself and healthy breeze will then blow over the region.
It is to be mentioned that it is as bright as the day that the two incidents, such as, ‘killing of government employees on their way from duty in Baghaichari’ and ‘killing one of solders in Rajasthali’ cited by the GOC of 24th Infantry Division Major General S M Motiur Rahman, had been perpetrated by the government-sponsored elements of Reformist Group and ALP armed cadres. Even the incident of sustaining wounds by an army solder in Manikchari has been caused by the armed cadres of the army-backed Reformist Group. On plea of ‘Operation Uttoron’ (Operation Upliftment), GOC spoke of providing army assistance in implementation of the Accord, but is GOC aware of the legal aspect of the Accord? Section-17(a) under Part-D of the CHT Accord states: “All the temporary camps of the army, the Ansars and the VDP, excepting the Border Security Force and permanent army establishment (being those three at the three-district headquarters and those at Alikadam, Ruma and Dighinala), shall be taken back by phases from CHT to permanent cantonments and the time-limit shall be fixed for its purpose. In case of deterioration of the law and order situation, in time of normal calamities and for similar other purposes, army may be deployed under the authority of the civil administration in adherence to Law and Rules as are applicable to all the other parts of the country. In this respect, the Regional Council may, in order to get the required or timely help, make requests to the appropriate authority.”
If so, to that end, has GOC ever undertaken initiative to determine time-line to withdraw all the temporary camps and return the forces to permanent cantonments, as per the legal provision? No interest has ever been found in the army to withdraw their temporary camps showing respect to the Accord. Rather, being moved by mere trivial matters, the army authority is found to undertake oath to restore the already withdrawn camps while showing ‘thumb-down’ to the Accord. In his speech, GOC justified the promulgation of ‘Operation Uttoron’, but he is blind of the legal aspect that where the Accord contains specific provision for withdrawal of all temporary camps, right in that place, re-assertion of de facto military rule by introducing ‘Operation Uttoron’ while replacing the ‘Operation Dabanal’ (Operation Wildfire) the initiative of which is absolutely conflicting to the main spirit of the Accord.
Since then and onwards indeed, on plea of ‘Operation Uttoron’ while violating the existing laws and regulations in CHT, the army is being noticed to have openly involved with principal capacity of dealing in matters depicted herein under: direct interference in all subjects in CHT including the general administration, law & order, development and land affairs; conducting searching operation from village to villages, searching houses at wee hours, rampaging household articles, arbitrary arrests and meting out physical torture; providing support and coverage to the armed terrorist groups in killings, extortion and terrorist crimes and above all, to provide special support with security coverage to the settlers in carrying out communal attacks and arson upon the Jumma people for no reason. Matter does not end there, the army authority is also seen making political statements publicly. High military official like Brigadier General Mohammed Tofayel Ahmed, Commander of 24 Artillery Division and Guimara Army Zone, is seen making anti-Accord statement publicly by saying “some sections of the CHT Accord are conflicting to the constitution.”
During his speech, GOC made a point saying: “It is really painful that after signing the Accord, they violated the terms of the Accord; those, the PCJSS, which signed the Accord, had support of the people; ….by then the government, with whom entered upon the Accord, the mass support it had, we have surveyed and calculated that it represents only 10% people by now; even … nothing exist in them as a dot of patriotism…rather they are involved in anti-state activities all the time.”
It is noteworthy to cite here that GOC, while speaking on law & order, dared to measure the patriotism, as if a political leader and having determined the peoples’ verdict, certified his target to have only 10% mass support. How come! Being a military official in service, how he can violate the code of conduct to express his personal hatred against the signatory of the CHT Accord and a personality still holding the post of Chairman of CHT Regional Council with status of a State Minister? From this straightway outrage, it is easy to understand as to how much the army could be so outrageous and authoritative and up to what extent it can go for hatching conspiracy by focusing the terrorism and extortion issues to legalize their anti-Accord role in CHT.
Benazir Ahmed, Director General of RAB, while pacing one step up, threatened by saying: “Here in this region live 1.6 million people but more than 20 million people live in Dhaka city and more than 10 million people regularly communicate the city. In the city like Dhaka, we can easily find terrorists out and get them busted and the task in CHT cannot not be a matter for us.” On the other hand, Kamal Uddin, Home Secretary, threatened in the same tune by saying: “In Bangladesh, there live 170 million people and of them herein CHT, there live only 1.6 million, which is even 1% less in population strength. We are capable of managing 1.2 million Rohingyas and hence, to manage here is not a matter for us.” Since, the allegation of terrorism and extortion is against the political parties of the Jumma people, the indication expressed by Director General of RAB and Home Secretary clearly stands: Management of some million tribal population out of 170 million population cannot be a matter for the government. Indeed, their statements based on population theorem undoubtedly make the Jumma people remind the fascist brutality of the ultra-nationalism and sense of the racial superiority.
The Director General of RAB further said: “If we could drive out the terrorists, set the waters free from pirates, wage war against drug, then we possess the capacity to dig out these elements of CHT from 3 feet depth of the earth.” In tune with, IGP Mohammed Javed Patwary also said: “How we have suppressed terrorism and radicalism and how our honorable Home Minister is touring the whole country under zero tolerance principle, for solving the problem with CHT is nothing hard for us.” It is their statements through which their extreme ignorance has been manifested. Now, the doubt arises, it is needless to say that what extent of correct and reality-based knowledge on CHT crisis could be with the ordinary people where the chiefs of country’s elite forces and law enforcement forces respectively possess such kind of ignorance.
The CHT crisis is a national and political problem and it is nothing like problems of drug or religious radicalism or that of pirates in Sunderban, the problem about which even no iota of knowledge is present in the highest officials like them – really, it is an alarming and shameful. In this regard, Kujendra Lal Tripura, MP and Chairman of Task Force rightly pointed out in the meeting that the surrendering manner of Sunderban robbers would not be applicable to CHT. The context of plains and that of CHT is not the same. The issue is quite different. He added further that law & order is necessary to be developed in the hills but, as he opined, it should be done through discussions.
In this meeting, the intervention delivered by the Chakma Circle Chief, Barrister Devasish Roy was of especially reckonable. Indicating the solution by political and peaceful means through discussion, he said: “I have full confidence in the Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina who could solve out the crisis. Here in this meeting, the Chairman of CHT Regional Council is not present. I do think, it would be that much good if meeting of our Honorable Prime Minister with him (Santu Larma) takes place as many times as it could be. At this, if not all the problems, at least some existing problems of ours would be solved.” He also added: “If the situation existent before 1997 could get resolved, then, the problems with two or four regional parties could be solved out.” Having extolled the special features and separate administrative system of CHT, Raja Devasish Roy said: “Sometimes, complexity with establishment of BOPs and BGB camps arises in CHT. One of the main reasons behind such complexity is the Land Acquisition Act applicable to the plains is not applicable here. The reason is that there is a special regulation.”
Re-defining the CHT crisis in the meeting, the Home Secretary Kamal Uddin said: “The problem existent in the three hill districts is not a religious or ethnic problem, rather, it is only a problem of interest amongst some quarters, of economic and of terror.” It needs no explanation that the CHT crisis is a national and political problem. That the CHT crisis has been and is a national and political problem was acceded by the then Ershad government during formal dialogue between the government and PCJSS in 1985. Aiming at solving the crisis by political and peaceful means, the CHT Accord was also signed between the then Hasina-led government and PCJSS. During parliamentary session on 10 February 2016, the Honorable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, in response to the star-marked question said: “CHT crisis is a political problem.”
Whereas, it is due to conspiracy hatched by some quarters of vested interest lying with the bureaucracy to cause the problem to take different course, such as, people like the Home Secretary, the implementation process of CHT Accord vis-a-vis process of resolving the crisis by political and peaceful means have been lying obstructed and thereby the on-going stagnant complexity has been created – all of which was made comprehensible through the statements delivered by the Home Secretary.
Intending to direct the CHT situation towards different course, the police chief Dr. Patwary said: “Enormous potentiality of tourism lies in these three hill districts but it is because of several miscreants, this industry cannot prosper; if all would go normal, then people from all over the country could to flock together to have a glance; and not only that but also huge number of foreign tourists would have visited the region; …we vow to eradicate the few miscreants and it is a must.” That hundreds of Jumma families have already been evicted for forcible occupation of their lands and are facing with endangered lives and livelihood just on plea of tourism development is though known to the IGP yet he cannot admit to that effect. The reason is that the bureaucrats and powerful influential people like him are the non-residents in huge number to occupy the lands of indigenous peoples and developing tourism centers there. He fantasizes for foreign tourists whereas, it is they who have imposed an embargo upon the foreigners in entering to CHT and restrictions upon the Jumma people in talking to the foreigners without mandatory presence of government officials. How ridiculous and how ironical!
It is to be noted that subject of tourism falls under jurisdiction of three Hill District Councils (HDCs) functions as conferred by the CHT Accord, but the HDCs have not been properly entrusted with the subject. The HDCs have been devolved a limited authority of this subject violating the Accord. On the other hand, taking advantage of the loop whole and passing the HDCs aside and violating the existing law, the influential non-resident individuals including the army, BGB, district administration have already set their feet in deep of the business; and in the name of expansion of tourism industry, there goes an unabated celebration of misdeeds by destroying forest resources and bio-diversity, evicting indigenous dwellings, out breaking addiction to drug and prostitute, etc. The IGP does not seem to be able to feel the heart-piercing pain of the helpless Jumma people getting burnt in the flames of deprivation all the time. Hence, it is needless to say that the powerful people like him have though spoken of one-sided and one-eyed version alleging of terror, extortion and conflict existent in the hills yet they will pronounce not a single word against eviction of indigenous people and dispossession of their lands due to establishing tourist centers.
Similarly, as the way the Director General of RAB threw out questions by saying: “Here, a certain class of people prevent the establishing of University and Medical College. Who are they?” From his outrageous version, it may easily be concluded that there cannot be a space to consider that he would easily comprehend the issue, if he had been answered to his questions properly and reasonably. In order to realize the fact as to why the party or its leadership, for whose pioneer and strong role the education could have spread in CHT, opposes the establishing of University and Medical College; and in order to comprehend the reason, the magnitude of mental state required in respect of democracy, secular and progressiveness; and people like the Director General of RAB does not seem to have that much height of liberalism, thoughts and consciousness.
In the meeting, the IGP said: “On the first day we heard the high-level government officials and on the second day we heard the public representatives and civil society members.” Informing the meeting, Director General of RAB said: “We came here to know the reason of sudden deterioration of situation that we have noticed in all the three hill districts.” The Home Minister and his other entourage spoke in the same tune on reason of their visit. Now, the question arises: who were the people they heard about the law & order situation in the three hill districts? It is needless to say that the high-level government officials of CHT are mostly outsiders, ultra-communal and blended with anti-Accord sentiment. As it has been mentioned above, it is the authorities of army, police, BGB, intelligence agencies and administration who are involved in multi-faceted conspiracies to obstruct the implementation process of the CHT Accord. Hence, what sort of opinion on CHT situation could come out from the people like them is needless to express further.
It is noteworthy to cite here that from among the invitees of public representatives and civil society, with exception to a very few, all were anti-Accord and ruling party people, all are top-to-bottom opportunist. Hence, that they would place their views tainted with confusion, communal and politically motivated, is well expected. For instance, Kongjari Chowdhury and Brishaketu Chakma, local leaders of ruling Awami League as well as Chairmen of Khagrachari and Rangamati Hill District Councils (HDCs) respectively, placed a demand to hold elections in the HDCs based on the existing Electoral Roll prepared for parliamentary polls in place of the one yet to be formulated as per the CHT Accord, obviously undermining the norms of the Accord. It is an irony that both are nominated Chairmen of HDCs, which constitute the special administrative system of CHT, as per the Accord but yet being Chairmen of the HDCs, they brazenly pronounced anti-Accord proposal for holding elections in the HDCs. Without having anti-Accord and slavery outlook, nobody could come up with such suicidal and self-contradictory opinion.
It is passing 22 years since signing of the CHT Accord. The grand alliance government led by Awami League is in power consecutively for 11 years. But the government has not yet been seen coming up with visible and goodwill initiative for proper and fullest implementation of provisions of CHT Accord. The government entered upon Accord but it would not implement the Accord; having signed the Accord and afterwards having taken deposition of arms, then government would cheat and and as before, would go for ethnic cleansing of Jumma people; on the contrary, the government in guise as saint but would give threatening – all this cannot be a sense of a civilized human. Hence, there is no alternative to implement the CHT Accord to its preciseness and the fullest extent. That’s all that if the CHT crisis is revolved politically and peacefully as per provisions of the CHT Accord, only then the peace process will be sustainable and fruitful. Otherwise, the situation of CHT is bound to be complicated and for that, the government will never avoid liability.